News in Geo- and Biosciences

In addition to global warming, atmospheric black carbon also enhances glacier melt

Recently an article on the work of an international research group who investigated Svalbard glaciers was published in a prestigious scientific journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics.

Study by Estonian researcher published in The Economist reaches millions

The Economist, an influential international weekly magazine-format newspaper, published a study by University of Tartu researcher Tuul Sepp on the colour of House Finch plumage. As a result, the young researcher’s study will reach...

Measuring Oxidative Stress May Help to understand health and disease

While people generally think of oxygen as something that is essential for life, then actually, oxygen is also a poisonous gas, for it reacts readily with various substances. Richard Meitern studied in his Doctoral...

Predator-prey relationships between mixotrophic protists influence summertime plankton in the Baltic Sea

A doctoral thesis defended at TUT explains how predator-prey relationships between mixotrophic protists influence summertime plankton in the Baltic Sea.

Genome Center’s innovative risk score predicts diabetes more accurately than its predecessors

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a complex disease which affects about eight percent of the world’s adult population. Researchers of the Estonian Genome Center of the University of Tartu came up with a novel...

Health from safe food

Intensive conventional agriculture causes increased risks: decreased biodiversity, pollution of water, soil and food with pesticides. Organic farming as alternative agriculture faces challenges in improving environmental factors and food quality by using balanced renewable...

Hybrid Aspen keeps the Soil Fertile

There is a lot of abandoned agricultural land in Estonia. One possibility to reuse this land is to establish short-rotation forestry (SRF) plantations. Plantations produce woody biomass that could be used in the energy...

Abundant methane seepage and its impact on climate at the end of the last glaciation

The scientific journal Nature Communications published an article written by the scientists of Tallinn University of Technology on the abundant methane seepage and its impact on climate at the end of the last glaciation...

TUT doctoral thesis sought ways for maximum upgrading of Estonian oil shales

In April, Galina Šarajeva defended her doctoral thesis "Thermochemical Destruction of Graptolite Argillite" at the TUT Department of Polymer Materials.

Estonian researchers to fight oil spills in arctic conditions

Researchers of the University of Tartu (UT) and Tallinn University of Technology (TUT), together with international partners, received a 5.28 million euro support from the European Union for project GRACE. The aim of the...

Newly established centre for synthetic biology is going to create microbial cell factories

Funds in the amount of 2.6 million euros were received from the European Research Area (ERA) Chair measure to establish a centre for synthetic biology at the University of Tartu. Dr Petri-Jaan Lahtvee joined...

Climate Change Brings New Opportunities to Estonian Polar Research

Despite its smallness, Estonia has had unusual success in polar research. Now new opportunities emerge as polar studies are getting more prominent due to climate change.

Estonia Is Creating Its Virtual Museum of Natural History

It’s a mixture of both physical and virtual collections, bringing natural archives to everyone’s home, both in Estonia and elsewhere, as digital tools for archiving, analysing and sharing the natural history collections are used...

Investigating the ancient past…in Latvia!?!?!

Estonians love an image of themselves as ancient forest people, but how would our neigbours Latvians define themselves?

Investigating waves on a swampy sea

The research group of Tarmo Soomere, professor at the Institute of Cybernetics at Tallinn University of Technology, has so far been mainly engaged in the investigation of the waves and the impact of...

Trout DNA Gives Valuable Answers to Fishermen and Nature Conservationists

A novel molecular genetic analysis evaluates the impact of river restoration activities on brown trout populations in Estonia, demonstrating that one of the most highly priced fish species among fisherman readily benefits from the...

Photos can predict the future

Is there a way to know how urbanisation in long perspective could effect the biodiversity of our planet? Estonian scientists are convinced that different photos of the world, shot by a satellite from space...

Not only rainforests can save the planet

Storing carbon in a tree could be a way of keeping global warming under control, believes Steffen Noe, a scientist who has spent the past ten years in Estonia, researching how a boreal forest...

Variation patterns of photosynthesis in plant canopies help to predict climate change

A research team led by professor Ülo Niinemets described the global variation patterns of photosynthesis in plant canopies, results of the work constituting an important input to all Earth System Models predicting global variations...

Tracing our ancestors at the bottom of the sea

New European Marine Board report recommends exploration of sea-submerged settlements abandoned by our ancestors. The report was prepared also by the Senior Research Fellow of Geology Alar Rosentau, Professor of Laboratory Archaeology Aivar Kriiska...

The number of lakes in the world is three times smaller than thought

In cooperation with foreign partners, the scientist of the University of Tartu counted one by one all the lakes in the world and found out that there number of lakes is approximately three times...

Improving drought tolerance of crops by bacteria from harsh environments

The scientists from the Department of Plant Physiology of the Estonian University of Life Science together with the researchers from the Uppsala BioCenter, SLU, Sweden, and the Institute of Evolution, Haifa University, Israel demonstrated...

Professor Ülo Niinemets has been awarded a top grant

Plant physiology professor Ülo Niinemets of the Estonian University of Life Sciences in Tartu has been awarded a 2.3 million euro ERC advanced grant to study stress signals in vegetation.

Young scientists received high European award

Young scientists from the University of Tartu received the Copernicus Masters innovation competition DLR Environmental Challenge award. Project „Urban Analyser - Your City Development Tool“ allows you to see population and population...