News in Medical Sciences

Cancer biologists from the University of Tartu help make an important discovery on Alzheimer’s disease

Cooperation between researchers in the United States and Estonia helps to discover changes in brain tissue, which are associated with the very early stages of dementia.

Estonian researcher’s method promises a breakthrough in the development of allergy medications

Pharmaceutical companies have an enormous interest in the testing of new candidate drugs on mast cells, which are responsible for causing severe allergies and asthma, although currently, there is no robust method for the...

Prestigious grant helps Estonian researchers to bring smart cancer treatment to pharmacies

Researchers at the University of Tartu have developed a smart cancer treatment that is based on a novel carrier peptide which, when injected into blood vessels, seeks out cancer cells and leaves healthy...

In vitro fertilisation can be made more accurate and affordable

Currently, up to five per cent of all children born in Estonia are a result of egg cells that are fertilised by sperm outside the womb. Researchers at the Competence Centre on Health Technologies...

UT Scientists Created an Effective Vaccine Candidate for a Dangerous Tropical Disease

The tropical Chikungunya fever, whose course is generally much more severe than that of viral Zika virus (ZIKV) infection, did not interest anyone until 2005. Then, however, massive outbreaks of Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) infection...

Tasmanian Devils are Fighting Cancer

Tasmanian devil, whose only natural habitat is the Australian island state of Tasmania, is the world’s largest carnivorous marsupial. The infamous “devil cat” is again in the spot light; this time, however, for the...

A TTÜ doctoral thesis provides opportunities for preventing musculoskeletal overload diseases in the upper extremities

Viive Pille defended her doctoral thesis "Development of a Model for the Prevention of Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders in the Upper Extremities" at the Technomedicum of Tallinn University of Technology.

Simple Strategies help to increase Physical Activity

The lack of physical activity among young people is a global problem, which is getting increasingly worse. According to WHO 81% of 11–17-years-old adolescents are not sufficiently active. Smart devices, parents driving children to...

University of Tartu researchers made a breakthrough in the development of human papillomavirus drugs

Researchers of the University of Tartu and Icosagen Cell Factory OÜ have published an article in PLOS Pathogens journal, which introduces the new cellular monitoring system for evaluating the growth of human papillomavirus (HPV)...

New Invention GlobinLock® makes blood analysis and diagnostics cheaper

Personal medicine with its promising possibilities like the analysis of DNA variants and monitoring of tissue function with biomarkers has increased the direct cost of diagnostics to a critical level. In order to prevent...

Diabetes study shows that the onset of child diabetes can be postponed

In future, skilful regulation of the intestinal microflora may help to postpone the onset of type 1 diabetes in children.

Nanomaterial can accelerate Wound Treatment

Chronic wounds are a big problem for the society because they cause long-term incapacity for work for the patient, a high mortality rate and major spending on public health. In 2011 more than 40...

Tissues Made of Nanomaterials—Far from Science Fiction

No matter in what century—BC or AD—people have always been interested in the best ways of healing themselves and one another. Today, knowledge and technologies have improved so much that nothing is impossible. While...

Genome Center’s innovative risk score predicts diabetes more accurately than its predecessors

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a complex disease which affects about eight percent of the world’s adult population. Researchers of the Estonian Genome Center of the University of Tartu came up with a novel...

Researchers from Mount Sinai Identify Genes Responsible for Risk of Developing Heart Attack, Stroke, and Related Cardiometabolic Diseases

In a study published today in Science, researchers from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and their colleagues from Tartu University Hospital, Karolinska Institutet and AstraZeneca have identified a profound new level...

An Exercise a Day keeps the Doctor Away

Physical exercising has a beneficial effect on successful aging even if training is started later in life, reveals a study performed by scientists at the University of Tartu. The objective of researchers from the...

Prenatal testing of chromosome disorders

Prenatal diagnostics is a way to assess the congenital disease of a foetus before birth. Congenital diseases are mostly chromosome disorders; the most prevalent are aneuploidies or changes in the number of chromosomes like...

Predicting female fertility

Assessing female fertility and predicting reproductive aging is a new modern challenge at a time when increasingly more women are postponing motherhood. Although menopause is usually considered the time point that marks the loss...

Using Myoton to evaluate superficial skeletal muscles

There is currently no cost-effective and easy-to-use method to 1) obtain objective information about muscle condition that could help to diagnose muscle diseases at an early stage 2) get quick numeric measurement results to...

Non-invasive medical monitoring and smart needles: electronics makes it possible

Electronics makes it possible to perform medical monitoring, diagnosing and treatment almost continuously—everywhere at every moment—day and night at the home, workplace, gym, clinics. For that, the remote sensing of health indicators is required....

One size fits all? Not in precision medicine

Inter-individual variability in drug metabolism and drug toxicity is a major problem in drug development and treatment. Increased capacity for drug elimination or drug action reduces drug efficacy, while lacking metabolic properties can lead...

A doctoral thesis brought out the impact of female sex hormones on infertility treatment and tumour development

Karin Rosenstein defended her doctoral thesis "Genes Regulated by Estrogen and Progesterone in Human Endometrium" at the Department of Gene Technology in Tallinn University of Technology.

New method enables to identify embryo’s first cross-talk with mother

The cooperation of Tartu and Swedish researchers will soon shed light on the first dialogue between the embryo and mother that leads to embryo implantation in the inner lining of the uterus. An understanding...

UT researchers to create Zika vaccine candidates

The infection, which usually displays no symptoms, might cause paralysis and women infected during pregnancy might give birth to babies with underdeveloped brains. This is caused by the Zika virus, its spread can currently...

Estonian Researchers Working On Developing Quick Blood Test For Detecting Pregnancy Complications

Estonian researchers are leading a translational research project in reproductive biomedicine with the aim to develop a quick blood test to predict, and, consequently, prevent pregnancy complications already at a very early stage.

Physicists Gather in Estonia to Find New More Optimal Ways to Use the Power of Luminescence and Radiation

Recent work in this field concerns both medicine and security—it’s all about making detection more efficient and meeting societal challenges in a better manner.

Estonian scientists in search of new prebiotics

Although our daily well-being can be boosted by eating functional food, some functional food additives such as inulin are relatively well studied, others at the same time not so much. Estonian scientists decided to...

Technology gives new meaning to work-place learning

People tend to learn something new at their work places almost every day, but sharing that knowledge with colleagues could be tricky in many industries. Learning Layers tries to find ways how to create...

Interactive textiles to change hospital experience

In the future more and more textiles will be “smart”, interacting with us when we touch them or gathering data about their surroundings. Lead by internationally acknowledged pioneer of smart textiles, Kärt Ojavee, a...

Tallinn University of Technology’s researchers received a grant for research into a rare disease

TUT scientists from the Department of Gene Technology were one of the six who received, alongside with researchers of world-famous universities, a one-year grant from a US private foundation, the Pitt Hopkins Research Foundation.

First Certificate of Drug Development Quality in the Baltics awarded to University of Tartu

The UT laboratory of the toxicology research group received the first Good Laboratory Practice certificate in the Baltic states. Ownership of the certificate and implementation of the stipulated principles allow the laboratory to participate...

Professor Tambet Teesalu and the development of brain tumor penetrating peptides

A major problem in the therapy of solid tumors is the poor penetration of anti-cancer drugs into the tumor tissue and the infiltration of tumor cells. Professor Tambet Teesalu is a co-discoverer of a...

Common metals – possible initiators for a chain reaction leading to Alzheimer’s disease?

Alzheimer's disease is the main cause of dementia amongst the elderly. It is also the third leading cause of death in developed countries, and since the molecular events that trigger this slowly progressing neurodegenerative...

Cognuse – an innovative company offering second-to-none mental rehabilitation solutions through online games

Cognuse is an e-health solutions company producing and manufacturing systems and devices specifically for cognitive rehabilitation. All Cognuse's solutions are developed in cooperation with the company's Scientific Advisory Board, and are focused both on...

Estonian Company Looking to Produce Nation’s First Cancer Drug 

The Competence Center for Cancer Research, located in Tallinn, has developed a late-stage endometrial cancer treatment drug, which could be in production in two years.