chemistry

Chemistry and Molecular Biology

Biochemistry and molecular biology are unparalleled in terms on citations, scientific resources, and policy attention. You will find pioneering research in organic chemistry and cell biology, genomics and proteomics, as well as other groups exploring biomedicine, cell bioenergetics, and system biology. There is much to discover here, with six research centers driving progress in the field.

Featuring field: Gene technology in Estonia

Research institutions

 Molecular biology

  • The Estonian Biocentre is a public biomedical research institute that explores gene and cell technologies. Its main research is focused on the area where molecular medicine and biotechnology meet. Its pursuits are divided between bioinformatics, evolutionary biology, gene technology, and oncogenesis.
  • Estonian Genome Centre at the University of Tartu runs the Estonian Biobank which holds anonymous data on five percent of the country’s adult population. It combines information on health, ancestry and genetics, and reflects the overall makeup of the country’s population in terms of gender, age, and location. The data helps understand how genetic and epigenetic information affect individuals, their development, aging, wellbeing and illnesses — as well as behaviour and psychology amid changes that come from their surrounding environment and lifestyle.
  • University of Tartu Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology. With 130 researchers and professors, the Institute combines teaching, superb international research and innovation. It is the country’s leading research body for molecular biology, cancer research, genetics, and complex disease genetics
  • University of Tartu Institute of Technology. An R&D centre building a high-tech culture that facilitates the generation of new technologies. Its biotech research is rooted in developing virus-based technologies that could be used in gene vaccination and gene therapy, exploring antibiotic mechanisms and resistance, and studying the regulation of protein kinases and cellular cycles.
  • National Institute of Chemical Physics and Biophysics. Fundamental and applied research with an eye on new horizons in materials sciences, gene and biotechnology, environmental technology, and computer science. With 30 years of biomedical research under its belt, the institute’s research groups focus on proteomics and bioenergetics. At the centre of this work are skinned heart fibres and isolated cardiomyocytes, as well as genetically modified cell cultures of cardiac muscle cells.
  • A substantial molecular biology research centre operates at the Tallinn University of Technology, mostly consisting of research groups from its Department of Gene Technology. Its four Chairs include gene technology, genomics and proteomics, molecular biology, and molecular diagnostics.

Chemistry

Estonian chemical research mainly focuses on acid-base reactions, spans from theoretical chemistry to molecular technology, and covers organic and bioorganic chemistry. The country also pursues electrochemical research, anorganic semiconductors, guidable solvents, as well as colloid and environmental chemistry.

  • University of Tartu Institute of Chemistry – From molecular technology to bio-organic chemistry, the Institute has ten chairs with research efforts mainly focused on materials science, biochemistry, computational chemistry, and environmental chemistry.
  • University of Tartu Institute of Technology. An R&D centre building a high-tech culture that facilitates the generation of new technologies. Its biotech research is rooted in developing virus-based technologies that could be used in gene vaccination and gene therapy, exploring antibiotic mechanisms and resistance, and studying the regulation of protein kinases and cellular cycles.
  • Department of Polymer Materials, Tallinn University of Technology. This institute has four Chairs: undergraduate and graduates studies take place at the Chairs of polymer technology, woodworking and textile technology, while the Laboratory of Oil Shale and Renewables Research is reserved purely for scientific research.
  • Institute of Materials Sciences, Tallinn University of Technology. World-class research from nanomaterials to solar energy.
  • Department of Chemistry, Tallinn University of Technology teaches and researches analytical, inorganic, bioorganic and organic chemistry, as well as biotechnology and molecular technology.
  • A research team at Tallinn University is studying iron regulation in organisms, fundamental aspects of oxidative stress and inflammatory processes. The focus is on molecular mechanisms related to those processes and neurodegeneration — such as the pathogenetic mechanisms of Alzheimer’s disease.