cosmos

Exact Sciences

 

Exact sciences is a broad category that includes everything from particle physics to superacid chemistry to a team of astrophysicists that launched Estonia’s first satellite. There is much to explore here, with pioneering international projects and technological innovation that place Estonia firmly among the leading centres of scientific thought that push the world forward.

Featuring field: Materials science in Estonia

 

Reasearch institutions

Astrophysics

Estonian astrophysicists have made great strides in mapping galaxies and researching cosmic microwave background radiation. Driven by the desire to understand the make-up of the Universe, from its large-scale structure to subatomic level here on Earth. To pursue this knowledge, Estonia in 2013 launched EstCube, its first-ever satellite, and participates actively in CERN.

  • Tartu Observatory. A research paradise filled with curious minds just like yours. Departments include astrophysics, cosmology, atmospheric physics, space technology with ongoing projects both domestic and international.
  • University of Tartu Institute of Physics. 14 labs, five departments, various fields of physics from experimental to theoretical, biophysics to materials science.
  • National Institute of Chemical Physics and Biophysics. Fundamental and applied research with an eye on new horizons in materials sciences, gene and biotechnology, environmental technology, and computer science.

Nuclear magnetic resonance

  • National Institute of Chemical Physics and Biophysics. Fundamental and applied research with an eye on new horizons in materials sciences, gene and biotechnology, environmental technology, and computer science.
  • Estonian Magnetic Laboratory. A project run by the NICPB that solves problems in determining short range atomic topology in condensed matter. The lab has investigated fuel cell components, superconductors, zeolites, oil shale products, proteins, various bio- and synthetic polymers and various biologically active compounds.
  • University of Tartu Institute of Physics. 14 labs, five departments, and various fields of physics from experimental to theoretical, biophysics to materials science.

Nonlinear processes and optics

Researchers explore complex systems, atmosphere and sea waves, heart muscle activity, and various optical processes. Explore the institute and lab links to find out more about this exciting work in Estonia.

  • Institute of Cybernetics at the Tallinn University of Technology –  A venerable institution founded in 1960. With a research staff of about 70, it applies mathematical methods to R&D in mechanics, control systems, applied mathematics, and computer science.
  • Marine Systems Institute at the Tallinn University of Technology. Home to researchers who love oceanography, turbulence and wave studies, marine optics and remote sensing, marine ecology, ice studies, and more.
  • University of Tartu Institute of Physics. 14 labs, five departments, and various fields of physics from experimental to theoretical, biophysics to materials science.

Materials physics

Estonia is pouring effort and resources into developing research centres and application clusters in this space. Current research focuses on processes that occur in materials between the macroscopic and atomic scale. This work covers material coherence, dynamics and structure, and how theoretical knowledge can be applied in practise. From atomic layer deposition to the theory of solids and fundamental forces, the physics of mesostructures, and the synthesis of functional structures, Estonia contributes strongly to progress in materials science.

  • University of Tartu Institute of Physics. 14 labs, five departments, and various fields of physics from experimental to theoretical, biophysics to materials science.
  • University of Tartu Institute of Chemistry. From molecular technology to bio-organic chemistry, the Institute has ten chairs with research efforts mainly focused on materials science, biochemistry, computational chemistry, and environmental chemistry.
  • Institute of Materials Sciences, Tallinn University of Technology. If it happens in Estonian materials sciences, it happens here. World-class research from nanomaterials to solar energy.

Biophysics

Biophysics research in Estonia mainly explores photosynthesis, protein structure and dynamics, and the system biology of heart cells (energetics and metabolism). See the institutional links for more on the organisations and people behind these compelling fields.

Mathematics