Technical Sciences

A lot of scientific attention is reserved for power engineering and chemistry of oil shale, an abundant natural resource here that Estonian scientists have probed for nearly a century. You will also find creative sparks flying in IT, materials sciences, biotechnology, food technology, biomedicine, and a host of other fields. Most research is based at the Tallinn University of Technology while the Institute of Technology at the University of Life Sciences focuses on integrated bioenergetic materials. The University of Tartu completes the trio.

Featuring field: IT in Estonia


Research institutions

Information technology

  • The Institute of Cybernetics is a venerable R&D institution at the Tallinn University of Technology in the fields of mechanics, control systems and computer science.
  • Department of Computer Science at the Tallinn University of Technology. Its R&D focuses on formal methods, automatic theorem proof, programming theory, and cyber security. The team has partnered with several leading Estonian and international tech firms to work on joint projects and enjoy guest lecturers from the tech trenches.
  • Department of Computer Engineering at the Tallinn University of Technology. On the scene since 1966, its research sweet spots can be found in the fields of complex computer systems, their design, diagnostics, testing, and software development. The department also plays key roles in several centres of excellence.
  • The Institute of Computer Science at the University of Tartu seeks delivers world-class computer science education. On the research front, it is active in the fields of bioinformatics and data mining, natural language processing, information security and cryptography, programming languages, distributed systems, and software engineering. Members of the institute are partners in more than a dozen national and EU research projects.
  • School of Digital Technologies at Tallinn University. In addition to undergraduate and graduate studies, the Institute is also active in R&D. These are coordinated by the Centre for Educational Technology, which is also the country’s primary developer of educational software. The Institute also operates a Digital Safety Lab and an Interaction Design Lab.
  • Cybernetica is a R&D-intensive ICT company and a successor organization to the Institute of Cybernetics of the Estonian Academy of Sciences. It develops software with complex non-functional requirements, light signalling and telematics products, maritime surveillance and radio communications systems. It is the origin of information security and cryptology research in Estonia, with such highlights as X-road, Estonian internet voting system, or the Estonian ID-card. Current research directions are secure multiparty computation, risk analysis of heterogeneous systems, internet voting and e-government solutions, and language-based security.

Materials science

  • Institute of Materials Science at the Tallinn University of Technology. Satisfied with nothing less than being the center of Estonia’s national materials science and related studies, the institute packs a powerful and internationally ambitious science punch.
  • University of Tartu Institute of Physics – 14 labs, five departments, and rich flavours of physics from experimental to theoretical, biophysics to materials science.
  • University of Tartu Institute of Chemistry – From molecular technology to bio-organic chemistry, the Institute has ten chairs with research efforts mainly focused on materials science, biochemistry, computational chemistry, and environmental chemistry.

Food technologies

  • Institute of Food Processing at the Tallinn University of Technology. Active under various guises since 1956, the institute focuses on food-related R&D — new technologies, food safety, quality management, etc. It also works on improving the quality and nutrition of food products.
  • The Institute of Microbiology is the only place in Estonia that offers education in medical microbiology and virology on all levels. Strongly rooted in research-based teaching, the Institute pursues numerous research projects in these areas.
  • The Institute of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Sciences of the Estonian University of Life Sciences teaches on veterinary medicine, aquaculture, animal science, and meat and dairy technology. Its research projects  involve almost all in the production and processing chain of animal products “from farm to fork”.