Potential in the efficient use of resources is the highest in materials science and industry, but also in developing the ‘smart and passive housing’ concept and health-supporting food.
UT Institute of Chemistry is researching materials for super-capacitors and fuel cells. In 2015, cooperation with NT Bene AS was launched for the development of hydrogen filling stations. ESA’s supplier Skeleton Technologies and Elcogen use the results and knowledge that has been generated by the institute’s electrochemists since 1997. Elcogen produces the world’s most efficient solid oxide fuel cell technology for more than 60 global customers.
In the KBFI Centre of Excellence “Emerging orders in quantum and nanomaterials” (EQUITANT), researchers explore various ferroic orders and their potential applications.
TalTech’s Department of Materials and Environmental Technology works on developing new materials for solar cells and design developments (mono-powders, nanomaterials, thin films). Nano- and composite materials for various environmental applications are in the invention phase.
The active smart interior textiles are being investigated at the Estonian Academy of Arts. Using upcycling in fashion design is also researched from theoretical and practical perspectives.
Energy efficiency in buildings and health in food
Soon, we will face transition to building nearly zero-energy buildings (ZEB). From 2020 onwards, all constructed buildings must have near-to-zero energy consumption.
Energy and resource efficiency improvement in buildings and districts is researched at ZEBE Centre of Excellence in Research. Research focuses on zero-energy and resource-efficient smart buildings, resource-efficient wooden structures, composites, intelligent and efficient energy management. ZEBE also conducts research on the smart house concept and the digitalization of engineering and planning.
Estonian food industry produces close to 100% of the food used by locals and is one of the leading economic sectors. The share of organic farming in 2017 reached ⅕ of agricultural land. Research Centre of Organic Farming of the Estonian University of Life Sciences brings together organic farming and food studies to initiate further activities in the field.
Centre of Food and Fermentation Technologies CFFT cooperates with more than 40 food industry enterprises, helping to develop novel cheese and rye bread production technologies, supports ice-cream and cider product development and has created new recipes for functional foods and herb mixes.
Affordable and clean energy, responsible consumption and production plus zero hunger are among the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. Estonian research institutions are making their best to meet these global challenges at home and at abroad.
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