With more than a 10-year-experience in e-Health, Estonia is currently one of the first countries to implement personalised medicine. In health tech and services, interdisciplinary collaboration is active with researchers in IT, engineering, design and arts. This results in countermeasures to viruses (Zika or Ebola), personalising medicine with genetic testing, developing non-invasive medical monitoring and smart needles plus combining design and technology for healthcare.
Universities and R&D institutions contribute to health technology. As Estonia is one of the leaders in the provision of public digital services, the national communications and transactions platform X-road provides a trusted way to exchange health data. The local e-Health system is globally unique: it is country-wide, integrates data of all healthcare providers and gives overviews of the health condition of every resident.
Personal, local and global solutions
Regenerative and reproductive medicine and cancer research is practiced in the internationally valued Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology of the University of Tartu. The Institute of Technology’s research directions include synthetic biology, biomedical and environmental technologies, intelligent materials and computer vision.
UT is also home to Estonian Genome Centre (The Biobank) that holds the genome data of 52,000 individuals, all of them genotyped for over 700,000 different genetic variants. In 2018, the Genome Centre aims to collect the genetic data of 100,000 people and integrate it into medical practice by giving people feedback on their personal genetic risks.
The ongoing research of National Institute of Chemical Physics and Biophysics (KBFI) focuses on cancer diagnostics, using Molecular System Bioenergetics approach to provide solutions in the field of cancer and muscular cell bioenergetics.
Nearly 44 million people in the world have Alzheimer’s disease or related dementia, creating a global cost of around $ 605 billion. The researchers of Tallinn University, in collaboration with the Stockholm Karolinska Institute’s AD Centre, work on human BRICHOS proteins in order to combat the Alzheimer’s.
Competencies of TalTech’s Department of Health Technologies include diagnostics of cardiovascular diseases, brain diagnostics and chronic diseases: optical kidney dialysis monitoring, wearables: sensors and monitors plus e-Health.
eMed Lab of the Department of Health Technologies of TalTech contains researchers with leading e-health and e-government expertise. The research fields are Big Data, clients’ online access to medical data and monitoring of the effectiveness and the potential adverse effects of new e-services or digital technologies in health care. TalTech has participated in several European telemedicine projects: eMedic, PrimCareIT, Chromed, MasterMind and has comprehensive expertise in e-health.
The Thomas Johann Seebeck Department of Electronics of TalTech develops smart needles and non-invasive monitoring of central blood pressure using wearable devices. Fast detection of pathogens in point-of-care devices, detection of lesions in organs and controlling of localized drug administration plus control of heart pacing rate in implantable cardiac pacemakers are researched. Wearable robots for augmentation and assistance or substitution of human motor functions are among the points of research.
The Competence Centre on Health Technologies CCHT is a biotechnology company focused on research and product development in personal medicine, drug development and both human and veterinary reproductive medicine. CCHT creates diagnostic systems for female reproductive diseases and develops solutions for identifying foetal genetic diseases by non-invasive prenatal testing. It also studies clinically proven probiotic strains for reproductive disorders.
The Connected Health cluster unites 70+ partners of Estonian health-related stakeholders, committed to accelerating the adoption of connected health solutions on an international scale and on commercial terms.
Closely collaborating research community, availability of health related data, entrepreneurial spirit and unique ways to solve some of the most challenging health issues in smart ways make Estonia a world class innovator in medicine technologies.
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