Most of the research is performed at universities.

The largest such public university is the University of Tartu, followed by the TalTech University, Tallinn University, Estonian University of Life Sciences, Estonian Academy of Arts, and Estonian Academy of Music and Theatre. In addition, the Estonian Business School that is the oldest privately-owned business university in the Baltics.

University of Tartu
University of Tartu
Estonian University of Life Sciences
Estonian University of Life Sciences
Estonian Business School
Estonian Business School
TalTech University
TalTech University
Estonian Academy of Arts
Estonian Academy of Arts
Tallinn University
Tallinn University
Estonian Academy of Music and Theatre
Estonian Academy of Music and Theatre