Estonian University of Life Sciences is the only university in Estonia whose priorities in academic and research activities provide the sustainable development of natural resources necessary for the existence of Man as well as the preservation of heritage and habitat. According to QS World University Rankings by Subject (2015), the Estonian University of Life Sciences is one of top 100 universities in the world in the field of agriculture and forestry, ranked 51 to 100. The university also belongs to the top 1% most cited research facilities in the world, with our plant physiology professor Ülo Niinemets being the most cited Estonian researcher altogether.
The academic structure is composed of research and development institutes or institutions, centres and other structural units. Currently, teaching and research is carried out in five institutes.
- The Institute of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences has expertise in agronomy and plant biology, horticulture, plant health, soil science and agrochemistry. It also drives landscape and environmental management, landscape architecture and biological diversity. Important research is performed at the Centre of Limnology.
- The Institute of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Sciences researches animal production (including aquaculture), health, welfare, nutrition, genetics and breeding, reproductive biology, food science and food hygiene, veterinary public health, and many other areas. The university is among world leaders in transgenic cloning technology. The first transgenic calf in Estonia, called Juuni, was born in June 2013.
- The Institute of Forestry and Rural Engineering focuses on silviculture and forest ecology, forest management, forest and wood processing technology, water management, geomatics, and rural building.
- The Institute of Technology focuses on production engineering, and energetics. Its main fields of research include solutions of integrated renewable energetics, modelling of energy processes, farm machinery and technologies, and ergonomics of biotechnical systems.
- The Institute of Economics and Social Sciences teaches accounting, financial management, economics, entrepreneurship and rural economics.
The University hosts the Centre of Excellence in Environmental Adaptation. This research consortium studies the adaptation of temperate terrestrial ecosystems to environmental alterations. The Centre uses experimental and modelling approaches to explore a range of areas from molecular stress response mechanisms to ecosystem adaptation, analysing abiotic and biotic stress effects at phenotypic, physiological and molecular levels, and determining the limits of adaptation to multiple sequential and interacting stresses.