Medical Sciences

For nearly 300 years, the University of Tartu has been the undisputed leader in Estonian medical science. It runs dozens of clinics and institutes and has earned accolades with the Estonian Genome Centre which runs the Estonian Biobank. The biobank holds protected data on five percent of the country’s adult population and is a massive boon to medical research. Furthermore, academic activities at the Institute of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Sciences at the Estonian University of Life Sciences focus on veterinary public health and food safety. Click around to read more on Estonian gene studies and other medical research that strikes your fancy. You’ll be here for a while.

Featuring field: Neurology and neurosurgery


Research institutions

University of Tartu

  • The Estonian Genome Centre at the University of Tartu runs the Estonian Biobank which holds anonymous data on five percent of the country’s adult population. It combines information on health, ancestry and genetics, and reflects the overall makeup of the country’s population in terms of gender, age, and location. The data helps understand how genetic and epigenetic information affect individuals, their development, aging, wellbeing and illnesses — as well as behaviour and psychology amid changes that come from their surrounding environment and lifestyle.
  • The Department of Anatomy is home to the Anatomicum, an institution that has served science for more than 200 years. From embryology to surgical anatomy, this department stands proud.
  • The Institute of Biomedicine has an important role in doctoral training in biomedicine and in clinical medicine. Tracing its roots to 1979, the Institute now pulses with the work of nearly 100 students and faculty.
  • The Institute of Microbiology is the only place in Estonia that offers education in medical microbiology and virology on all levels. Strongly rooted in research-based teaching, the Institute pursues numerous research projects in these areas.
  • Department of Pathological Anatomy and Forensic Medicine.
  • The Department of Public Health provides graduate and postgraduate programmes) in public health and has a wide portfolio of research projects. Tracing its roots to the Department of Hygiene in 1895, its mission is to improve health and prevent disease in Estonian populations.
  • The Department of Pharmacy houses the Chair of Pharmacognosy and Pharmaceutical Management and the Chair of Pharmaceutical Technology and Biopharmaceutics.
  • The Department of Polyclinic and Family Medicine.

Tartu University Hospital

Tartu University Hospital. From its early experiments with ether-based anaesthesia to its current position as Estonia’s largest provider of medical care, the hospital’s importance cannot be overstated. Founded in 1804, it plays a substantial role in the lives of students, as well as in the country’s medical science. The hospital employs about 3,500 people, including 600 doctors, handles 420,000 annual outpatient and 44,000 inpatient visits. Here are the clinics that add up to more than the sum of their parts.

  • The Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Clinic  is the largest at the Tartu University Hospital. It is also Estonia’s research leader and overall centre of gravity in the field.
  • The Hematology – Oncology Clinic is Estonia’s diagnosis and treatment centre of hematological and oncological diseases, as well as for study and research in Estonia
  • The Heart Clinic traces its history to 1898 and is at the forefront of Estonian cardiology, from research to surgery. If you see references to the Heart Clinic in various texts on Estonian cardiology, it is the same institution.
  • The Surgery Clinic employs more than 200 people in six departments. Over 23,000 outpatient admissions and nearly 6,000 surgeries are performed here each year. In the field of organ transplantation, the clinic works closely with the organ transplantation centre at the University of Helsinki.
  • The Lung Clinic got its start in 1922 when the local Red Cross founded a tuberculosis advisory center. Much has changed since then.
  • The Ear Clinic is the major ear, nose, and throat care facility in Southern Estonia and enjoys all the resources of major teaching university. The clinic has a research arrangement with Tartu University’s human genome project to identify genetic factors in hearing disorders.
  • The Children’s Clinic combines teaching, research and patient care. Its doctors regularly publish in international medical journals. Current research focuses on childhood strokes, asthma and juvenile idiopathic arthritis.
  • The Dermatology Clinic offers modern dermatovenereal outpatient and stationary treatment, from laser treatment to biological medicine — such as tackling psoriasis with anaxeryl. The clinic is also home to a number of research projects.
  • Over two centuries old, the Women’s Clinic mixes treatment, education and research to remain atop the latest trends in gynaecology and obstetrics. The clinic is the only one in Estonia to conduct scientific studies regarding fertility treatment.
  • The Neurology Clinic is the first in Estonia to use round-the-clock video telemetry in the study of paroxysmal disorders. The clinic’s study group is part of the Molecular and Clinical Medicine Centre, which is credited with the highest possible mark among the Eastern Europe Top Science Centres in the EU.
  • The Psychiatry Clinic has provided patient services, trained Estonian psychiatrists and conducted research for more than 130 years. It is the country’s only professional centre specialising in eating disorders, and the first clinic for sleep study in Estonia to use digital polysomnography in diagnosing sleeping disorders.
  • The Radiology Clinic deals with the entire spectrum of diagnostic radiology (X-ray, ultrasound, CT, MRT, isotope diagnostics and PET). More than 250,000 procedures and studies are performed here each year.
  • Founded in 1868, the Eye Clinic uses world-class technology and continues to set the gold standard in Estonian eye research and treatment.
  • The Internal Medicine Clinic handles internal illnesses, gastroenterology, endocrinology, rheumatology, allergology, nephrology, and infectious diseases.
  • Running four departments, the Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinic provides diagnostics and treatment services of the highest rank. As the leading sports medicine centre in Estonia, the clinic helps its top athletes and teams perform at their best.
  • The Traumatology and Orthopaedics Clinic is well-known Estonia and the Nordics, and is a recognised expert in joint prosthesis. 3,500 operations are performed here each year, including 950 joint endoprostheses and 700 day-surgery procedures.
  • The Stomatology Clinic handles over 85,000 in-patient visits per year. Its five departments focus on maxillo-facial surgery, oral and dental diseases, oral surgery, children’s surgery, and dental prosthesis.

National Institute of Chemical Physics and Biophysics (NICPB)

  • NICPB is a professional science institution carries out applied research in the field of bioenergetics of cancer tissue with potential to develop a diagnostic platform for molecular characterization of cancer, utilizing bioenergetics profiling of tumor metabolism and molecular biomarkers.

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